Cappadocia which is unique in the world and is a miraculous nature wonder is the common name of the field covered by the provinces of Aksaray, Nevsehir, Nigde, Kayseri and Kirsehir in the Central Anatolian region.
In the upper Myosen period in the Cappadocia region as a result of the volcanic eruptions occurred in Erciyes and Hasandag, in the region was formed a large tableland from the volcanic tufas and together with the erosion of the Kizilirmak river and wind over ten thousands of years there appeared the chimney rocks which are a wonder of the nature.
Cappadocia which was the population zone of the Assyrian civilization later has hosted the Hittite, Pers, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman civilizations. The first Christians escaped from the persecution of the Roman Empire in the 2nd century B.C. came to the Cappadocia over the Antakya and Kayseri and they have settled here.
The first Christians finding the underground cities from Cappadocia have been hidden in these underground cities which gates were made in such way in which they couldn’t be easily observed and they have escaped from the persecution of the Roman soldiers. Due that they had live in the underground cities for long duration without being able to go out they have developed these underground cities by making provisions rooms, ventilation chimneys, wine production places, churches, abbeys, water wells, toilets and meeting rooms.
In the prehistoric periods the first human settlements have begun and the humans have constructed the underground cities in the volcanic rocks in form of tufa due to protect themselves from the wild animals and they lived for long times in these underground cities. There are so many underground cities on the Cappadocia area of Turkey but the biggest is Derinkuyu Underground City.
In these cities made in form of rooms connected to each others some of the rooms were connected to each other only with the tunnels tight and permitting passing of just a person. At the access gates of these tunnels there were huge stone rollers used for closing the tunnels for security reasons.
North Cappadocia tour also known as Red tour at Lonely Planet’s recommendations, is a great itinerary which covers all highlights of the North Cappadocia. When combined with South Cappadocia tour at secont day, two tours would cover all Cappadocia’s highlights.
09:30 Pick up from hotel,Depart for full day tour on Noath Cappadocia.
- Love Valley in Cappadocia, Turkey certainly has a claim to fame – a very large one. Rather euphemistically named, the valley is home to rock structures that bear a passing resemblance to… well – make your own mind up. Seeing, as they say, is believing
- OPEN AIR MUSEUM
Cappadocia , an important Christian centre in the early years of the middle ages, was a bishopric administered by Mokissos near Aksaray in the 11th and 13th Centuries. For this reason these religious buildings are mainly dated according to the iconography or architectural features.
- MONKS VALLEY (PASABAGLARI)
Pasabagi is the best place to see three-headed fairy chimneys. Pasabag, the Pasha’s Vineyard is surrounded by incredible natural rock formations; a spectacular scene.
Cavusin is one of the oldest settlement in the area. Cavusin is situated 2km from Goreme, on the Goreme – Avanos road. The Church of St. John the Baptist offers a panoramic view of the village. This church and its paintings date back to the 5th century, making it the oldest church in the region. It had a large courtyard which is unusual for Cappadocia. However this has eroded away.
It is a town where you will be invited to visit a traditional pottery workshop on our tours. Set deep into the hillside. Avanos is the centre for terracotta works of art since 3000BC,. The clay, from the Red River passing through the town gives life both to the land and to the local economy.
- UCHISAR CASTLE
Uchisar is a troglodyte town situated right in the middle of Cappadoccia. It is named after the enormous piece of rock in the centre of the town, which was once used as a castle. This extraordinary rock is the highest peak of the area with a view of whole of Cappadocia and Erciyes (Argeus) Mountain.
- DEVRENT VALLEY
Devrent Valley is situated on the Northern slopes of Aktepe, 1km from Pasabaglari (monk’s valley) and 5km from Avanos. The ruins at Devrent Valley are spread over three valleys which also house several pointed fairy chimneys with large stems.
17:00 after tour back to hotel.
- Museum Entrance Fees
- English Speaking Licensed Guide
- Airconditioned Transportaion